Lessons from above 

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This photo reminds me that trees are to kids as flowers are to bees. It’s a simple snapshot of my friends’ children, however it does illustrate nine brief but useful points:

The bad points

1) The sky is blown out (overexposed, pure white). However, it’s a snapshot rather than fine art, and this case it doesn’t bother me too much. There wasn’t a lot of time before the girls moved on so it was best to make the most of the opportunity, even if that meant losing the sky: family members will probably just look at the faces and be oblivious to the background.

2) I used fill flash and overall that gave a very nice result. The one thing that a camera’s built-in flash is good for is fill light, but if people are wearing glasses you’ll often get a reflection, as in this case. I have tried cloning out such reflections, with mixed results. In this case grabbing an external flash and extension cord would have meant missing the shot, however that is often the best solution (if you hold the flash away to the right of the camera the reflection coming from the glasses will go off to the left, where the camera can’t see it).

The good points

3) You’ll notice that I’ve placed one foot in a corner of the photo, with a roughly equal amount of space to the left of and below the boot. A diagonal that runs to a point near the corner of the frame usually looks odd, but one that runs to the actual corner will usually look pleasing. In the case it’s almost as if she’s resting her foot on the edge of the photo, and that plus the diagonal running to the corner results in the edges of the frame becoming a contributing part of the image rather than some sort of hanger-on messing up the scene.

4) If the bottom of the photo was bright would tend to pull your eye away from the faces, but instead the area below the main branch is fairly dark and forms a nice solid base.

5) The centreline of the girls’ torsos and faces are roughly aligned with the verticals of a thirds grid (the rule guide of thirds).

6) Fill flash has raised the brightness of the faces to a point that matches the surroundings well, and there are nice catchlights in the eyes.

7) Generally you need to include the ground in order to give a sense of height, but in this case looking up a steep angle towards the girls has the same effect. Adults aren’t used to looking up at kids, and this unusual view of a common subject adds interest to the photo.

8) The diagonal of the branch that the girls are sitting on adds life to the photo. Lines affect the mood of photos.

9) There is a vertical branch between the girls and such an object has the potential to break any sense of relationship. However, they are both holding the branch in such a way that the branch in fact ties them together and makes it clear to us the viewers that these two are friends.

This was a situation where I had a few seconds in which to get a shot. The girls know me well and chose to strike a pose, which thankfully was a nice one: the fact that I didn’t give any direction makes the result look fairly natural and relaxed. With snapshots of family and friends the people are the most important thing, but it’s also good to look for snapshots in places where the environment adds to the image.


Portraiture: learning from the Mona Lisa

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Framing in portraiture

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DPS has an article which is well worth reading. I added a comment to the article which I would like to draw to your attention:

“Here’s how one artist reproduced the Mona Lisa with the extra columns”

It’s interesting to note four things about this reproduction:

1) The “in focus” background is much less pleasant than the original (this subject is covered in the article)

2) The tones are repulsive and sickly. The original (as shown here) has unnatural but warm, pleasant tones: I generally prefer realism, but this reminds me that unrealistic photos can be pleasant. Photographers will benefit from learning which tones are pleasant and which are unpleasant: when photographing people warm (reddish) tones such as light from a sunset are a safe bet (set white balance to Daylight to preserve those sunset tones).

3) The shape of the face, particularly the mouth and nose, makes the subject unattractive. The lower forehead is less pleasant than the original’s. The human mind is drawn to faces in a photo and they are often a make-or-break factor.

4) The subject’s hand that is on the viewer’s left looks claw-like and somewhat creepy. This reminds me that hands are an important factor in photos (the subject is too large to cover in a comment).

The article mentions the idea that the Mona Lisa was originally framed by pillars and with this post I’ve included two examples of framing in portraiture.


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